1. In a rare case of extraordinary episodic memory, Jill can remember the details of life since the age of 14. But ironically, she does not possess extraordinary _ flashbulb ______ memory.
2. This semester you are taking psychology; last semester you took sociology and did well. Now, sociological terms are interfering with your memory of psychological terms. This illustrates:
3. What is the best reason why Clive Wearing forget his children’s names, but remembers how to play the piano?
|The names and how to play the piano represent different types of memory that are stored differently in the brain.|
|His memories of how to play the piano are “older” than his more recent memories of names.|
|The memories of names are procedural memory whereas how to play the piano is declarative memory and these different memories are stored differently.|
|The memories of names are declarative memory whereas how to play the piano is procedural memory and these different memories are stored differently|
4. Interesting facts, which are examples of __ semantic __ information, are encoded _ with effort ___ into long-term memory.
|semantic; with effort|
|episodic; with effort|
5. Unlike that of short-term memory, the capacity of long-term memory:
6. Allison is learning Spanish, but she hates it. When she is in her Spanish classes, she is always unhappy. The phenomenon of state-dependent learning would suggest that she would show better recall of Spanish words if she:
7. In analyzing repressed memories, Loftus contends that therapists:
8. At a recent family reunion you saw cousins that you have not seen for years. You also met for the first time, the spouses of these cousins. Unfortunately, you don’t remember most of their names. The name you do recall was your cousin Tom’s wife, Nancy; they came at the very end of the reunion. Why did you remember Nancy, but forget all the other names?
9. When rats are given an injection of epinephrine, they show a(n):
10. Gaylord likes to do memory tricks. He can memorize a list of 25 digits in just 25 seconds and then correctly recalls them. Based on this module, what is the most probable way he can do this trick?
11. What happened in the study described in your textbook on iconic memory when the delay between the presentation of the letters and when subjects are asked to recall the letters is increased to one second?
|Memory of the letters is reduced to an average of four letters.|
|Memory of the letters is increased to an average of four letters.|
|Memory of the letters is increased to an average of nine letters.|
|Memory is not affected.|
12. Mary uses numerous different colors when she takes notes in her psychology class. If she has difficulty with a question on an exam, she finds it helpful to remember the color of the notes relevant to the question. For Mary, the color of the notes acts as a(n):
13. Remembering your first day as a college student would be considered:
14. In the study described in your textbook on iconic memory, how many letters on average could subjects immediately recall?
15. You are being introduced to several people in your first job interview: Ted, Julie, Benito, Dewayne, Frank, and Andy. Based on the primacy effect, whose name are you most likely to remember?
16. Proactive interference is to ____ as retroactive interference is to ____.
17. Echoic memory allows an individual to:
|see separate images as continuous|
|see the world as stable, despite the movement of the eyes|
|remember speech sounds long enough to understand words|
|maintain knowledge about one’s own personal experiences|
18. When Sarah was 14 years old, she took a virginity pledge. Now four years later she has had sexual intercourse. Based on the study by Rosenthal, what would be a typical response by Sarah regarding her sexual activity?
|She was serious about the pledge and has much guilt about breaking it.|
|She readily dismisses the virginity pledge confessing she really wasn’t serious about it at the time.|
|She denies ever having made the virginity pledge.|
|She regrets ever having made the virginity pledge, but doesn’t feel guilty about it.|
19. If you asked H. M. to tell you about how his mirror drawing was progressing, he would say:
|his skill was improving|
|he doesn’t ever remember mirror-drawing since that would use procedural memory, which was damaged|
|his skill was deteriorating|
|he doesn’t ever remember mirror-drawing since that would use declarative memory, which was damaged|
20. Suzy is riding in a subway car when a young thug rips off her gold necklace and runs away. Suzy’s ability to later describe to the police what happened is due to the functioning of her ____ memory.
21. Peter sustains damage to his cortex due to a car accident. What can we expect will be the changes to his memory?
|Peter will have great difficulty with both short-term and long-term memory.|
|Peter will be able to remember new memories, but not old memories.|
|Peter will be able to remember nondeclarative memory, but not declarative memory.|
|Peter’s memory will be largely unaffected.|
22. What is a type of memory that allows information to be held for a short period of time until you decide what to do with it?
23. Which of the following areas of the brain appears to be most related to memory storage?
24. Mr. Nguyen witnesses a bank robbery. During the investigation, he was asked to report everything he remembered without holding back anything. He also was asked to describe the crime from several viewpoints. The technique used to record Mr. Nguyen’s statement is called:
|memory retrieval association|
25. The hippocampus is crucial for memories involving:
26. Which of the following is the best example of a network hierarchy?
|local, federal, state, international|
|German Shepherd, mammal, animal, cat|
|species, kingdom, phylum, class, human|
|Earth, Western Hemisphere, North America, Midwest, Iowa|
27. An education major is interviewing a veteran teacher for a class project. The teacher is asked about how to help students learn and says, “Give lots of examples.” Based on the textbook, what is the best reason for teachers to give examples?
|Examples help students to connect what they are trying to learn with old information.|
|Examples facilitate iconic memory.|
|Examples are actually “fillers” that allow students extra time to think about the lesson.|
|Examples help students to do maintenance rehearsal.|
28. The study comparing Ghanaian and American students on recall suggests that:
|the English language is easier to learn than Ghanaian|
|female students have better memories than male students in each culture|
|culture can influence how information is encoded and how easily it can be retrieved|
|culture does not significantly influence how information is encoded and how easily it can be retrieved|
29. On the way to her wedding, Maria thinks about all the other men she has dated. Her clearest memory is of Lawrence, her first boyfriend. Maria’s recall illustrates the ____ effect.
30. Todd runs into Sarah, his former girlfriend. Oh no! He can’t remember her name and calls her Robin, the name of his current girlfriend. What type of interference did Todd just experience?